Rewilded breeds

Unfortunately aurochs and wild horses no longer exist. While they were domesticated their wild ancestors went extinct. During domestication natural selection was replaced by human selection. Animals were bred on characteristics like meat and milk production, peaceful characters or as labour animals. Most of todays horses and cattle are not sufficiently adapted to cold, need help calving or need additional highly nutritious feeding. They are unable to survive without human help.

Fortunately few varieties are sufficiently adapted to life in the wild. These animals are now being rewilded. FREE Nature works with several of these breeds, presented below. Besides mentioned breeds, many more could be used for natural grazing; cattle breeds like Tudanca, Sayaguesa or Hungarian grey cattle or horse breeds like Exmoor, Hucel or Gerano.


A sturdy breed originated from Poland, these horses are closely related to the last wild horses from the primeval forest of Bialowieza


This hornless breed from Scotland has been running for over 20 years within the process of de-domestication and rewilding within Dutch Nature

Rode Geus

Crossbred between the Dutch brandronde and French Saler cattle, meant to become a hardened breed suited to Dutch riverine ecosystems and climate

Highland cattle

Already in the 19 80s the first Highland cattle were transported towards the Netherland and are currently found in many natural areas

Heck cattle

In het 19 20s the German brothers Heck started rebreeding the auroch like animal. Heck cattle show strong herd instincts and is close to nature

Rodopian shorthorn

Rodopian shorthorn cattle are used in Bulgaria for rewilding. . The animals are very athletic and their hooves are a bit more “sheep formed” making them ideally suitable of mountainous conditions.